An automobile, commonly known as a car, is a motor vehicle equipped with wheels. Cars are typically designed to operate on roads, accommodate one to eight passengers, have four wheels, and primarily transport people rather than goods. The journey of cars traces back to the invention of the first steam-powered road vehicle by French inventor Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot in 1769 and the creation of the first internal combustion-powered automobile by Swiss inventor François Isaac de Rivaz in 1808.
The birth of the practical and marketable everyday-use car occurred in 1886 when German inventor Carl Benz patented his Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Commercial availability of cars expanded significantly in the 20th century, with the 1908 Model T, produced by the American Ford Motor Company, being one of the earliest affordable cars for the general public. Cars swiftly gained popularity in the United States, gradually replacing horse-drawn carriages. In contrast, Europe and other regions experienced a surge in demand for automobiles post-World War II, recognizing cars as a vital component of developed economies.
Cars are equipped with controls for driving, parking, passenger comfort, and various lighting systems. Over time, vehicles have evolved with the incorporation of additional features, such as rear-reversing cameras, air conditioning, navigation systems, and in-car entertainment. The majority of cars in use as of the early 2020s are propelled by internal combustion engines, utilizing fossil fuels. Electric cars, introduced earlier in automotive history, became commercially viable in the 2000s and are anticipated to become more cost-effective than petrol-driven cars by 2025. The global shift from fossil fuel-powered cars to electric ones plays a crucial role in climate change mitigation, aligning with initiatives like Project Drawdown’s 100 actionable solutions for climate change.
The path to genuinely falling in love with cars or owning one begins by grasping the fundamentals. When you decide to purchase a car, your initial step is likely to be understanding the type of car that will best fulfill your requirements. Acquiring a reasonable knowledge of the various types of cars available in the Indian market will guide you in the right direction toward achieving your dream car.
Categories of Cars
Luxury cars with a retractable roof for an open-air driving experience.
Cars with two comfortable front seats and two small rear seats. Coupes are often sporty and have a “cut” shape.
Cars with a sloped rear roofline, lower height, higher gas mileage, and more cargo space than sedans.
High-performance vehicles are designed for speed, agility, and driving pleasure. Sports cars are typically two-seater vehicles with powerful engines and advanced handling characteristics.
Commercial vehicles constructed or adapted for the carriage of goods.
Small cars designed to fit into narrow gaps, such as parking spaces in busy cities.
A chauffeur with a partition between the front seat and the back mostly drives luxury vehicles.
The smallest automobile classification, typically only fitting two passengers.
Cars that use the car front and cab of a sedan but apply the open car of the truck.
Other categories of cars include: